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The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge that connects the lower jaw to the upper jawbone. It functions through five pairs of muscles attached to the facial bones. The juncture where the two joints are connected has a disc that acts like a shock absorber for biting and chewing functions. The temporomandibular joint is quite complex because it is capable of making many different types of movements, including combinations of hinge and gliding actions. Any problem that prevents this system of structures from working together properly may result in pain, tenderness and damage to the tissue and joint. This is known as TMJ or temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD).
Regular x-rays (radiographs) are very important because while your dentist can detect some types of tooth decay simply by looking into a patient’s mouth, not all decay is visible during a routine oral examination. X-ray images can reveal areas of decay inside the tooth and below the gum line. But x-rays taken regularly, by your dentist can monitor the condition of your teeth in order to detect any changes and track their progression over a period of time. These images provide invaluable information to dental practitioners and are an essential part of your oral exam.
The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease (commonly referred
to as gum disease), is an infection of the tissues and ligaments that hold the teeth in place. Periodontal disease is caused by plaque, a colorless, sticky substance loaded with bacteria that clings to teeth. This plaque typically forms after we have eaten sugars or starchy foods the bacteria thrive on these foods. If the plaque is not removed by daily brushing, it produces toxins that can irritate the gum tissue causing
gingivitis (the mildest form of periodontal disease), cavities and if left untreated, bone loss.
We all know that candy is bad for your teeth. Did you know that some healthy foods can be
just as detrimental to your teeth as chewy candies, cakes and cookies? Now that children are returning to school, parents may want to consider limiting the consumption of some of the commonly offered foods and beverages listed below. Candy bars are not the only foods to avoid.
There has been much information in the news recently about the possible link between dental health and heart disease. Researchers have found that people with periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease as those without periodontal disease. Some studies strongly suggest that there may also be a link between chronic inflammatory periodontal infections and certain systemic diseases. These include:
Garlic may be okay for scaring off vampires, but don’t keep others from getting close to you this Halloween because of bad breath (halitosis).
Bad breath results from two key issues: oral hygiene and gastrointestinal health. Breath odors originate not just inside the mouth but also from your digestive tract. The offender in both cases is primarily bacteria.
Are you jolted out of a deep sleep at night by your partner’s snoring? Frequently interrupted sleep caused by snoring can not only be incredibly annoying, it can also be indicative of underlying health problems. People who snore should be evaluated to be certain that other problems such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), or other sleep related breathing problems are not the cause. OSA is associated with higher risks of cardiovascular disease such as heart attacks and strokes and should not be ignored.
One of the first things people notice about you is your smile. A genuine smile radiates warmth and approachability. A beautiful smile definitely makes you more attractive to others and sends a strong, positive message to someone even before you say a single word!
The Academy for Sports Dentistry gives the following definition: Sports Dentistry involves the prevention and treatment of orofacial athletic injuries and related oral diseases, as well as the collection and dissemination of information on dental athletic injuries. Sports Dentistry also encourages research in the prevention of such injuries.
Recent studies indicate that a correlation does indeed exist. There are several studies that suggest that poor oral health and gum disease in particular, are related to serious conditions like heart disease.