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The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease (commonly referred
to as gum disease), is an infection of the tissues and ligaments that hold the teeth in place. Periodontal disease is caused by plaque, a colorless, sticky substance loaded with bacteria that clings to teeth. This plaque typically forms after we have eaten sugars or starchy foods the bacteria thrive on these foods. If the plaque is not removed by daily brushing, it produces toxins that can irritate the gum tissue causing
gingivitis (the mildest form of periodontal disease), cavities and if left untreated, bone loss.